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Elementary Logic:

Logical Arguments,
Uses of Language,
Definition and Meaning
Fallacies of Relevance, Presumption, and Ambiguity,

Categorical Propositions and Immediate Inferences,
Categorical Syllogisms and Their Validity,
Syllogisms in Ordinary Language,

Logical Symbols expressing Argument Form and Statement Form,
Rules of Inference and Replacement to prove Validity or Invalidity,
Basics of Quantification Theory,

Analogical Inferences,
Causal Reasoning,
Scientific Explanation, and
Probability Theory.
      This discussion
is based on:

K. Codell Carter
A First Course in Logic
(Pearson Longman, 2003)

Copi and Cohen
Introduction to Logic
11th Ed.
(Prentice-Hall, 2001)

Richard W. Miller
Introduction to Logic
Study Guide

(Prentice Hall, 1997)

Other Recommended Reading:
  • Howard Kahane and Nancy Cavender, Logic and Contemporary Rhetoric (Wadsworth, 1997)
  • John Shand, Arguing Well (Routledge, 2000)
  • Douglas N. Walton, Informal Logic: A Handbook for Critical Argumentation (Cambridge, 1989)
  • Merrie Bergmann, James Moor, and Jack Nelson The Logic Book (McGraw-Hill, 1997)
  • Patrick Suppes, Introduction to Logic (Dover, 1999)
  • Richard C. Jeffrey, Formal Logic: Its Scope and Limits (McGraw-Hill, 1990)
  • Willard V. O. Quine Mathematical Logic (Harvard, 1981)
  • Brian F. Chellas, Modal Logic: An Introduction (Cambridge, 1980)
  • Willard V. O. Quine, The Philosophy of Logic (Harvard, 1986)

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Last modified 12 November 2011.
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